Namibia’s cultural heritage is rich and varied with some 12 ethnic groups, easily identified by their language, dress, food, religion and music.
Ethnics groups are : Basters – Caprivians – Coloured – Damara – Herero – Himba – Kavango – Nama – Owambo – San – Tswanas – Whites
The traditional home of the Kavango people is the Kavango river of which there are five separate tribal groups.
Fishing, cattle farming and maize production are their main livelihoods.
More recently new agricultural projects have been introduced i.e. sugar can and community forests.
The Kavango people believe in one Supreme Being (Nyambi). Diviners and medicine men are highly respected, although today most people practice Christianity.
The Zambezians (Caprivians)
Here each village is represented by a headman who is normally the most senior male member.
He in turn advises a Senior Headman who is the representative of a number of villages.
It should be noted that the family is most important socio economic unit to the Zambezians.
Hunting and fishing as well as millet, maize, melons and sugar cane farming are the principle industries.
Flora & Fauna
the Zambezi region has about 450 animal species and approx.70 percent of the bird species found in Namibia.
There are almost two hundred kinds of shrubs, trees and fruits.
Namibia has some 26 parks and reserves representing 18% of the country’s surface area. The parks are diverse ranging from wildlife reserves sucha s Etosha to the stark and rugged landscape of the Fish River Canyon. Only those occuring in the KAZA region are shown below.
Bwabwata National Park
Mudumu National Park
Mamili (Nkasa Lupala) National Park
Khaudom National Park
Mangetti National Park
Caprivi (Zambezi) State Forest
and conservancies and community forests between and around these protected areas.
There have been over 130 recorded species of fish in the Zambezi river, of which 96 species can be found in the upper Zambezi.
Fish species include :
Nembwe – Humpback and Thinface – Largemouth – Redbreast and Greenhead Tilapia – Tigerfish – African Pike – Bream -Catfish
Mammals number some 114 of which 8 are endemic to Namibia i.e. Black faced impala, gerbils, mice and bats.
Namibia’s endangered species :
Black faced impala : Brown hyena : Black Rhino : Elephant : Leopard : Lion : Mountain Zebra : Oribi :
Pangolin (Temnick’s Ground) : Puku : Wild Dog : White Rhino
(information courtesy of Earths Endangered Species)