Cultural

Zambia has more than 70 different tribes  – the main tribes being the Lozi, the Ngoni, Tonga, Bemba, Luvale and Kaonde.

The Lozi Chief is called the litunga.

The most numerous of the tribes are the Tonga with archaelogical evidence showing their existence in the southern Province for approx. 900 years.

Traditional ceremonies reflect the history, social life and spiritual culture of the Zambian peoples.

Perhaps the most well known is the Ku’omboka ceremony, which literally means “to get out of the water onto dry ground”. 
When the floodplains of the upper Zambezi valley rise, the Lozi people move to higher ground in a dramatic and ceremonial way. 
The King will decide when it is time to leave and this can take place any time between February to May each year.

 

Rivers & Lakes

Kariba – Africa’s largest man made lake providing electricity for both Zambia and Zimbabwe.  Very much a holiday playground with fishing and house boating being popular activities.

Bangweulu where the water meets the sky, this lake is noted mainly as a fishing resource (bream, tiger fish, yellow belly, catfish). As a result of the fishing industry population densities around the lake have increased.

Mweru – located in the far north western border of Zambia, contributing substantially to the fishing industry of Zambia.

Tourist facilities are limited.

Tanganyika – the longest fresh water lake in the world providing protein for local and export marke

Zambezi – Africa’s 4th longest river and a natural border between Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Kafue – one of Zambia’s most important rivers providing hydro-electric power and irrigation.

Luangwa – the Luangwa Valley lies at the end of the Great Rift Valley and is well known as a premier wildlife destination.
The river cuts through the middle of the valley with North Luangwa National Park on one side and South Luangwa on the opposite.

Zambezi – Africa’s 4th longest river and a natural border between Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Kafue – one of Zambia’s most important rivers providing hydro-electric power and irrigation.

Luangwa – the Luangwa Valley lies at the end of the Great Rift Valley and is well known as a premier wildlife destination.
The river cuts through the middle of the valley with North Luangwa National Park on one side and South Luangwa on the opposite.